USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review
21 August 2015
International Trade Highlights:
On July 27, 2015, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) announced allocations of additional fiscal year (FY) 2015 funds for Africa-Middle East Regions for the Export Credit Guarantee Program (GSM-102). To obtain details, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/programs/export-credit-guarantee-program-gsm-102/gsm-102- allocations.
According to a USDA FAS Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) report, the government of Canada concludes free trade negotiation with Ukraine. On July 22, 2015 Ukraine announced the re-opening of its market for Canadian beef, from cattle under thirty months and ready-to-eat meat. This new market access follows the lifting of Ukraine’s ban on Canadian beef products in 2014. Canadian beef and ready-to-eat meat establishments eligible for export to the European Union are immediately granted access to the Ukrainian market. To view the report, visit the FAS website at http://gain.fas.usda.gov/.
US Egg & Egg Product Trade
Update Hong Kong Approaches Mandatory Health Certification for Egg Product Imports On June 10, 2015 the Hong Kong government (HKG) submitted to the Legislative Counsel a proposed regulation that will require mandatory health certification for egg product imports. The mandatory certification is proposed to become effective December 5l, 2015. This measure has been under consideration since 2008 at which time the US and Hong Kong established a certification protocol for US shell egg exports. Since that time the underlying certification legislation has remained pending and use of the certificate for US shell egg exports to Hong Kong was voluntary. In April 2015, the Hong Kong government proposed additional attestations and an expansion to the scope of regulated products to include liquid and powdered eggs under legislative consideration. Therefore, Hong Kong approached the US with proposed revisions to the 2008 certificate language and scope of covered products. Hong Kong was the 3rd largest market for US egg product exports with a value of $52.3 million in 2014.
The scope of products in the proposed legislation includes the following egg categories: shelled or unshelled; raw or partly cooked; salted, preserved, or otherwise processed; in frozen, liquid, or dried form; or containing any functional ingredient. Fully cooked egg products and those egg products constituting one of the ingredients of a compounded food will not be covered by this new regulation. When the regulation becomes effective in December 2015, Hong Kong importers will be required to apply for import authorization prior to arrival and exporters will be required to provide a health certificate for all regulated egg shipments.
Regarding shell eggs, certificates for US shell egg shipments to Hong Kong negotiated in 2008 include: 1) the Shell Egg Grading Certificate (PY-210S) and 2) Disease Free Certification Statements for Hong Kong (appendix 1a and 1b). However the HKG has recently suggested modification to the certificate attestations.
Regarding pasteurized eggs such as liquid and powdered egg products, the HKG has proposed an expansion in the scope of egg products requiring mandatory health certification to include liquid and powdered egg products. Because these products were not addressed in the 2008 certificate, the US will need to consider changes proposed by Hong Kong to its health certificate for liquid and powdered egg product exports to Hong Kong (appendix 2).
In late 2006, in response to food safety concerns of imported egg products, the Hong Kong government began discussions to require egg product certification. In 2008, the US and Hong Kong authorities concluded an agreement on US shell egg product certification for export to Hong Kong, which would come into effect when the legislation passed. Until recently, the Hong Kong government has encouraged importers to supply the health certificate with US shell egg imports on a voluntary basis. Now, however, the Hong Kong government is moving to mandatory certification and expanding the range of affected egg product imports in response to avian influenza risks and recommendations from the OIE. Source: USDA FAS Gain Report HK1513 “Hong Kong Approaches Mandatory Health Certification for Egg Product Importers
US Avian Influenza Update
As of July 30, 2015 USDA APHIS posted a total loss of 49,599,700 birds at 211 commercial and 21 backyard premises. Since December 2014, the USDA has confirmed several cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in the Pacific, Central, and Mississippi flyways (or migratory bird paths). According to USDA APHIS, the avian influenza outbreaks have primarily and directly affected the US turkey and shell egg industries while the broiler industry has only been indirectly impacted. As of June 19, 2015, the US has lost about 7.6 million turkeys and 34.2 million layer hens since the start of HPAI in December 2014. Source: USDA APHIS/USDA AMS/Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Statistics/USDA FAS
CanFax recently issued Canada’s current cattle on feed numbers for terminal feedlots with 1,000 or more head in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. According to the data, Canada’s total Cattle on Feed on August 1, 2015 equaled 674,572 head, which was unchanged from one year ago and was 3.5 percent more than the five year average. During July, 59,669 head of cattle were placed on feed. This was up 78.9 percent over one year ago and was up 17.5 percent over the five year average. The number of steers placed on feed equaled 33,150 head, which accounted for 55.6 percent of the total. Heifers placed on feed totaled 26,519 head. Placements of feeder cattle increased in each weight category. Specifically, feeder cattle placements weighing less than 600 pounds totaled 3,487 head, which was 63.3 percent higher than a year ago. Placements weighing 600 to 699 pounds were up 164.2 percent from last year, amounting to 3,231 head. Placements weighing 700 to 799 head increased 171.2 percent from a year ago to 8,855 head. Finally, placements of feeder cattle weighing more than 800 pounds totaled 44,096 head, which was 64.9 percent more than a year ago. Meanwhile, during July, Canada’s fed cattle marketings fell 7.9 percent from one year ago to 131,901 MT. Also, this was down 19.0 percent from the five year average. The complete report can be found on the CanFax website at http://www.canfax.ca/.
The Australian Lot Feeders’ Association (ALFA) and Meat & Livestock Australia (MLA) recently published the results of Australia’s cattle on feed survey for the second quarter of 2015. According to the numbers, as of June 30, 2015, Australia’s cattle on feed equaled 956,927 head. This was slightly lower than the previous quarter but was 13.1 percent higher than a year ago. The majority of the cattle on feed were located in the state of Queensland with 528,164 head, or 55.2 percent of the total. This was up 1.7 percent over the previous quarter. Combined, Queensland and New South Wales contained 827,669 head, or 86.5 percent of the total cattle on feed. During the second quarter, Australia’s feedlot capacity totaled 1,171,426 head. This was 2.1 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 8.8 percent higher than a year ago. The largest feedlot capacity was in the state of Queensland with 606,461 head, which accounted for 51.8 percent of the total. Australia’s capacity utilization was 82 percent, compared to 84 percent the previous quarter and 79 percent a year ago. During the second quarter, Australia’s cattle marketings decreased 10.6 percent from the previous quarter to 648,557 head. Also, this was down 3.8 percent from a year ago. During the first half of the year, Australia’s cattle slaughter totaled 4.14 million head, which was 4.1 percent more than one year ago and was 17.7 percent more than two years ago. The complete cattle on feed report can be found on the ALFA website at http://www.feedlots.com.au/.
The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) recently issued June 2015 cattle and lamb slaughter statistics for New Zealand. According to the data, for the third quarter, New Zealand cattle totaled 856,882 head, which was 2.4 percent less than then previous quarter but was 1.6 percent more than the same period a year ago. Calves and vealer slaughter totaled 13,746 head, which was up 382.5 percent from the previous quarter and was up 27.1 percent over a year ago. Total year to date, October through June, New Zealand cattle, calves and vealer slaughter equaled 2.64 million head, which was 64.8 percent higher than the previous year and was 60.3 percent higher than two years ago. Meanwhile, for the third quarter, New Zealand sheep totaled 6.11 million head, which was 39.7 percent lower than the previous quarter but was 6.6 percent higher than the same period a year ago. Lamb slaughter totaled 5.60 million head, which was 32.0 percent less than the previous quarter but was 7.7 percent more than the same period a year ago. Total year to date sheep and lamb slaughter in New Zealand equaled 40.72 million head, which was 39.1 percent greater than a year ago and was 36.5 percent greater than two years ago. To obtain further data on New Zealand’s trade, go to the MPI website at http://www.mpi.govt.nz/.
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