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USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review


07 August 2015

USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 7 August 2015USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 7 August 2015


International Trade Highlights:

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published June 2015 U.S. red meat export and import data. According to the numbers, during June, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats totaled 96,719 MT. This was up 9.3 percent over the previous month but was 9.3 percent lower than June 2014. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 26,648 MT, which was 6.7 percent higher than the previous month but was 27.0 percent lower than June 2014. Frozen beef exports equaled 41,453 MT, which was 15.3 percent higher than the previous month and 9.3 percent higher than June 2014. During June, the U.S. exported 25,535 MT of beef variety meats. This was 5.2 percent more than the previous month but was 10.8 percent below June 2014. During the first half of the year, U.S. beef variety meat exports totaled 149,741 MT, 11.2 percent below a year ago. Mexico was the main beef variety meat export market with 53,984 MT, or 36.1 percent of the total. During June, U.S. beef exports to Japan rose 11.7 percent over the previous month to 20,073 MT. During the first half of the year, beef exports to Japan totaled 109,011 MT, which was 1.8 percent less than a year ago. Japan was the primary destination for U.S. beef with 20.7 percent of the total. Beef exports to Mexico during June rose 4.0 percent over the previous month to 17,493 MT. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 7.1 percent less than last year, amounting to 108,111 MT. First half of the year beef exports to Canada totaled 62,525 MT, 11.8 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total beef and veal and beef variety meat exports during the first half of 2015 equaled 527,111MT, which was 10.0 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

During June, the U.S. exported 171,193 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was 5.6 percent less than the previous month and 3.4 percent less than June 2014. More specifically, exports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 65,449 MT, which was 11.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 16.9 percent higher than June 2014. Exports of frozen pork totaled 62,708 MT, which was down 16.7 percent from the previous month and was down 10.9 percent compared to June 2014. Exports of U.S. pork variety meats during June fell 10.3 percent from the previous month to 28,535 MT. Also, this was 19.2 percent lower than June 2014. During the first half of the year, the U.S. exported 209,571 MT of pork variety meats. This was 10.9 percent less than last year. Mexico was the primary pork variety meat export market for the U.S. with 66,862 MT, or 31.9 percent of the total. During June, the U.S. exported 61,529 MT of pork to Mexico, which was 17.0 percent higher than May. During the first half of the year, pork exports to Mexico were up 6.8 percent over a year ago, amounting to 348,577 MT. Mexico was the largest buyer of U.S. pork with 32.8 percent of the total. U.S. pork exports to Japan during June fell 17.2 percent from the previous month to 32,555 MT. Year-to-date pork exports to Japan totaled 221,740 MT, which was 12.8 percent below a year ago. Year-to-date pork exports to South Korea were 41.9 percent more than last year, totaling 107,879 MT. Overall, during the first half of 2015, U.S. total exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 1,063,423 MT, 5.4 percent less than the same period a year ago.

U.S. beef and veal imports during June totaled 113,280 MT. This was 11.3 percent higher than the previous month and was 33.8 percent higher than June 2014. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled beef totaled 36,743 MT, which was up 4.7 percent over the previous month and was up 17.8 percent over June 2014. Likewise, imports of frozen beef were up 15.9 percent over the previous month and were up 42.1 percent over June 2014, totaling 71,425 MT. During June, the U.S. imported 45,894 MT of beef from Australia. This was 22.6 percent higher than the previous month. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Australia were 65.5 percent greater than last year, amounting to 224,168 MT. Australia was the leading supplier of beef to the U.S. with 36.0 percent of the total imports. Beef imports from New Zealand during June rose 14.9 percent over the previous month to 25,889 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 146,288 MT, which was up 21.1 percent over last year. During June, the U.S. imported 15,654 MT of beef from Canada, which was 6.7 percent lower than May. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Canada totaled 104,089 MT, 2.4 percent more than last year. Overall, U.S. beef and veal imports during the first half of 2015 equaled 623,451 MT, which was 36.2 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

During June, U.S. pork imports totaled 41,291 MT. This was 16.3 percent higher than May and was 23.8 percent higher than June 2014. More specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 26,718 MT, which was 22.5 percent higher than the previous month and 35.0 percent higher than June 2014. Imports of frozen pork equaled 9,888 MT, which was 1.6 percent higher than the previous month and was slightly higher than June 2014. U.S. pork imports from Canada during June rose 20.3 percent from the previous month to 33,395 MT. During the first half of 2015, pork imports from Canada totaled 184,516 MT, 23.4 percent higher than a year ago. Canada was the main source of U.S. pork imports with 78.3 percent of the total. During June, the U.S. imported 2,400 MT of pork from Denmark, which was slightly less than the previous month. Total year-to-date pork imports from Denmark were 16.5 percent less than last year, amounting to 15,438 MT. Overall, U.S. total pork imports during the first half of 2015 equaled 235,634 MT, 20.6 percent more than the same period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. trade data, visit the FAS website at http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently published statistics for U.S. lamb, sheep and goat meat trade. The data includes fresh, chilled and frozen product, as well as carcasses, cuts and bonein and boneless product. According to the numbers, during the second quarter of 2015 U.S. exports of lamb and sheep meat totaled 486 MT. This was 2.6 percent more than the previous quarter but was 39.3 percent less than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico during the second quarter rose 39.3 percent over the previous quarter to 288 MT. However, this was 35.2 percent less than a year ago. During the first half of 2015, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports to Mexico totaled 495 MT, which was 35.6 percent lower than a year ago. Mexico was the leading lamb and sheep meat export market for the U.S. with 51.6 percent of the total. During the second quarter, the U.S. exported 35 MT of lamb and sheep meat to Canada. This was 30.9 percent less than the previous quarter and was 60.3 percent less than a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat exports to Canada were 58.1 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 84 MT. Overall, during the first half of 2015, U.S. lamb and sheep meat exports totaled 959.6 MT, which was down 33.6 percent from the same period a year ago. In the meantime, during the second quarter of the year, the U.S. imported 22,488 MT of lamb and sheep meat. This was 6.9 percent higher than the previous quarter and was 11.5 percent higher than a year ago. Lamb and sheep meat imports from Australia during the second quarter rose 4.6 percent over the previous quarter to 15,903 MT. Also, this was 10.0 percent greater than a year ago. During the first half of the year, the U.S. imported 31,112 MT of lamb and sheep meat from Australia, which was 10.0 percent higher than last year. Australia was the main supplier of lamb and sheep meat to the U.S. with 71.5 percent of the total imports. Lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand during the second quarter equaled 6,270 MT. This was up 11.9 percent over the previous quarter and was up 12.5 percent compared to a year ago. Total year-to-date lamb and sheep meat imports from New Zealand equaled 11,875 MT, 17.1 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total lamb and sheep meat imports during the first half of 2015 equaled 43,527 MT, 12.5 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during the second quarter of 2015, the U.S. imported 5,690 MT of goat meat. This was 49.7 percent more than the previous quarter and was 34.4 percent more than a year ago. Goat meat imports from Australia during the second quarter equaled 5,560 MT. This was up 50.5 percent from the previous quarter and was up 33.9 percent from a year ago. First half of the year goat meat imports from Australia were 7.5 percent above last year, amounting to 9,255 MT. Australia was the primary source of U.S. goat meat imports with 97.5 percent of the total. Overall, U.S. total goat meat imports during the first half of 2015 equaled 9,490 MT, which was 8.9 percent more than the same period a year ago. Further data can be found on the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

Pacific Rim:

Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) recently issues Japan’s beef and pork import statistics for June 2015. According to the data, during June, Japan imported 39,132 MT of beef. This was 7.2 percent less than May and was 11.4 percent less than June 2014. More specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 21,756 MT, which was 17.0 percent lower than the previous month and was 15.7 percent lower than June 2014. Imports of fresh, chilled beef were 9.0 percent higher than the previous month but were 5.4 percent lower than June 2014, totaling 17,320 MT. During June, Japan’s beef imports from Australia equaled 25,367 MT, which was 1.1 percent less than the previous month but was 3.9 percent more than June 2014. During the first half of the year, beef imports from Australia were 12.1 percent higher than a year ago, amounting to 145,105 MT. Australia was Japan’s main source for beef imports with 64.8 percent of the total. Beef imports from the U.S. during June fell 21.6 percent from the previous month to 10,685 MT. Also, this was 29.1 percent less than June 2014. Total year-to-date beef imports from the U.S. were 12.2 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 75,276 MT. The U.S. was Japan’s second leading beef import market with 27.3 percent of the total. During June, Japan imported 1,704 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 10.9 percent higher than the previous month but was 23.4 percent lower than June 2014. Year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand totaled 10,794 MT, which was 20.8 percent less than last year. Overall, Japan’s total beef imports during the first half of 2015 equaled 242,778 MT, which was 2.4 percent higher than the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 62,141 MT. This was down 21.8 percent from the previous month and down 13.0 percent from a year ago. Marketings of imported beef were 15.8 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 37,440 MT. Domestic beef marketings totaled 24,702 MT, 14.1 percent lower than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s beef stocks totaled 140,189 MT. This was 3.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 34.9 percent higher than a year ago. Stocks of imported beef totaled 130,870 MT, 41.4 percent higher than last year. Domestic beef stocks were down 17.9 percent from a year ago, amounting to 9,319 MT.

During June, Japan imported 64,516 MT of pork. This was down 6.4 percent from the previous month and was down 2.6 percent from June 2014. More specifically, imports of frozen pork totaled 39,950 MT, which was 8.1 percent lower than the previous month and 10.1 percent lower than June 2014. Imports of fresh, chilled pork totaled 24,547 MT, which was 3.7 percent lower than the previous month but was 12.5 percent higher than June 2014. During June, Japan imported 20,887 MT of pork from the U.S. This was 20.7 percent less than May and was 3.2 percent less than June 2014. Pork imports from the U.S. during the first half of the year totaled 128,933 MT, which was 5.9 percent below a year ago. The U.S. was the leading supplier of pork to Japan with 32.4 percent of the total imports. Pork imports from Canada during June fell 2.1 percent from the previous month to 13,292 MT. However, this was 17.2 percent higher than June 2014. Year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 10.7 percent more than last year, totaling 80,399 MT. During June, Japan imported 9,000 MT of pork from Denmark. This was 6.4 percent higher than the previous month but was 13.5 percent lower than June 2014. Pork imports from Denmark during the first half of the year equaled 49,938 MT, which was 23.8 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, during the first half of 2015, Japan’s pork imports totaled 379,801 MT, which was 4.4 percent less than the same period a year ago. During May, Japan’s pork marketings totaled 131,448 MT, which was 5.2 percent less than the previous month and was slightly less than a year ago. Marketings of imported pork were 3.5 percent higher than last year, amounting to 63,043 MT. Domestic pork marketings equaled 68,405 MT, 3.8 percent less than last year. At the end of May, Japan’s pork stocks totaled 193,824 MT, which was up 3.1 percent over the previous month and was up 9.9 percent over a year ago. Stocks of imported pork totaled 177,094 MT, which was 13.7 percent higher than a year ago. Domestic pork stocks were 18.9 percent less than last year, amounting to 16,730 MT. Additional data can be found on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s cattle and hog inventory numbers. According to the data, as of February 2015, Japan’s total beef cattle farms equaled 54,400 farms. This was down 5.4 percent from one year ago and was down 11.3 percent from two years ago. Japan’s total beef cattle numbered 2.49 million head, which was 3.0 percent lower than one year ago and was 5.8 percent lower than two years ago. Japan’s total beef breed fell 3.2 percent from one year ago to 1.66 million head. Also, this was down 6.1 percent from two years ago. Cow and heifers equaled 1.07 million head, which was down 3.2 percent from one year ago and down 6.3 percent from two years ago. Steers fell 4.1 percent from last year and 7.0 percent from two years ago, amounting to 634 thousand head. ALIC did not update hog inventory numbers for 2015. To obtain additional data, visit the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

South America:

Recently, Argentina’s National Service of Health, Food and Agriculture Quality (SENASA) published Argentina’s second quarter beef export data. The numbers include fresh beef, offals, processed beef and Hilton cuts. According to the data, during the second quarter of 2015, Argentina exported 61,857 MT of beef. This was slightly less than the previous quarter but was a 7.5 percent more than a year ago. During the second quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia rose 1.4 percent over the previous quarter to 13,959 MT, however this was 15.7 percent lower than the second quarter a year ago. During the first half of 2015, Argentina’s beef exports to Russia equaled 27,722 MT, which was slightly less than a year ago. Russia was the main beef export market for Argentina with 22.4 percent of the total. During the second quarter, Argentina’s beef exports to China rose 51.3 percent over the previous quarter and 210.0 percent over the same quarter last year. During the first half of 2015, Argentina’s beef exports to China equaled 22,135 MT, which was 284.4 percent more than last year. China was the second largest beef export market for Argentina with 17.8 percent of the total. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 6,906 MT of beef to Hong Kong. This was down 11.6 percent from the previous quarter and was down 19.5 percent from the same quarter a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Hong Kong were 20.4 percent below last year, amounting to 14,717 MT. Beef exports to Chile during the second quarter totaled 5,655 MT. This was 13.6 percent lower than the previous quarter and 16.4 percent lower than the same quarter a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to Chile were 5.6 percent less than a year ago, amounting to 12,199 MT. Beef exports to Israel during the second quarter totaled 3,142 MT, which was down 39.9 percent lower than the previous quarter but was slightly higher than the previous quarter a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to Israel equaled 8,369 MT, which was 19.1 percent higher than last year. During the second quarter, Argentina exported 3,981 MT of beef to Germany. This was 7.5 percent lower than the previous quarter and 7.9 percent lower than the same quarter a year ago. During the first half of the year, Argentina’s beef exports to Germany totaled 8,283 MT, which was 8.0 percent lower than a year ago. During the first half of 2015, Argentina’s beef exports to the U.S. totaled 92 MT, which was 109.1 percent higher than a year ago. During the first half of 2015, Argentina’s main beef export market for Hilton cuts was Germany with 55.8 percent of the total. The largest fresh beef export market was China with 36.7 percent. The largest processed beef export market, with 30.0 percent of the total, was the U.S. The primary offal market was Russia with 39.2 percent of the total. Of Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2015, 48.7 percent consisted of fresh beef, 42.9 percent was offals, 8.2 percent was Hilton cuts and less than 1.0 percent was processed beef. Overall, Argentina’s total beef exports during the first half of 2015 equaled 124,030 MT, which was 7.5 percent above the corresponding period a year ago.

North America:

On July 24, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its monthly Cattle on Feed report. According to the data, on July 1, 2015, cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market for feedlots with a capacity of 1,000 or more head equaled 10.24 million head. This was 1.9 percent more than one year ago but was 1.3 percent less than two years ago. The number of cattle placed on feed during June totaled 1.48 million head. This was up nearly 1.0 percent over one year ago but was down 4.5 percent from two years ago. The number of steers and steer calves placed on feed equaled 6.91 million head, 7.1 percent higher than a year ago. This accounted for 67.5 percent of the total number placed on feed. Heifers and heifer calves placed on feed totaled 3.33 million head, which was 7.5 percent lower than a year ago. More specifically, placements of feeder cattle weighing less than 600 pounds were down 13.6 percent from last year, totaling 350,000 head. Placements of feeder cattle weighing 600 to 699 pounds equaled 250,000 head, 2.0 percent more than a year ago. Placements weighing 700 to 799 head were 2.4 percent higher than a year ago, totaling 336,000 head. Finally, placements weighing more than 800 pounds equaled 545,000 head, which was 11.2 percent more than last year. In the meantime, during June, fed cattle marketings totaled 1.75 million head. This was 5.4 percent lower than one year ago and was 7.1 percent lower than two years ago. To obtain the entire report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

On July 24, USDA NASS published its semi-annual Cattle report. According to the report, on July 1, 2015, the number of cattle and calves in the U.S. totaled 98.4 million head. This was 2.2 percent higher than 2014. Also, this is the first time since 2006 that all cattle and calves inventory increased. Cows and heifers that have calved totaled 39.8 million head, which was up 2.1 percent over 2014. The number of beef cows rose 2.5 percent over 2014 to 30.5 million head. Heifers weighing more than 500 pounds equaled 15.9 million head. This was 1.9 percent more than 2014. The number of heifers for beef cow replacement was up 6.5 percent over 2014 with 4.9 million head. Steers weighing more than 500 pounds totaled 14.1 million head, which was 2.9 percent higher than 2014. The inventory of calves weighing less than 500 pounds increased 2.3 percent from 2014 to 26.7 million head. All cattle and calves on feed for the U.S. slaughter market on July 1 equaled 12.1 million head, 1.7 percent more than 2014. The 2015 calf crop is expected to total 34.3 million head, which is 1.2 percent above 2014. To obtain the detailed report, visit the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov/.

United States Turkey Update

United States (U.S.) total January-May turkey meat exports for 2015 are down 16% from 2014 21% lower than 2013 for comparable time frames. U.S. turkey meat exports for may 2015 were 8% lower than April and have dropped 25% since January 2015. The decline in turkey meat exports is partly due to the highly pathogenic avian influenza. Since the first detection was reported in the U.S. on December 19, 2014 until the last detection on June 17, 2015 over 7.5 million turkeys were lost. The number of turkeys lost were equal to 3.2% of 2014’s total production. So far in 2015 the number one turkey meat export destination has been Mexico. January-May 2015 turkey poult exports are 10% lower than 2014, but are 52% above 2005 for comparable time frames. May 2015 turkey poult exports were 3% above April and up 16% since January 2015. The main export destination so far in 2015 has been Canada. Meanwhile, total turkey poult imports for January-May 2015 are 7% below 2014 and 16.5% lower than 2005 for comparable time frames. May 2015 turkey poult imports have increased 26% since April, but are still 10% below January’s imports. U.S. total turkey meat imports, consisting of fresh and frozen turkey cuts and fresh and frozen whole turkeys, for January-May 2015 are up 29% since 2014 and 42% higher than 2013 for comparable time frames. So far in 2015 May turkey meat imports are up 40% since April and 99% since January. For January-May 2015 Canada was the number 1 source of all turkey imports. Chile was a distant second exporting turkey meat to the U.S. supplying mostly frozen turkey cuts. So far in 2015 frozen turkey cuts are the most popular turkey meat items.

Oceania:

Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) published Australia’s red meat export data for July 2015. According to the numbers, during July, Australia exported 121,568 MT of beef. This was up 2.4 percent over June but was unchanged compared to July 2014. More specifically, exports of frozen beef equaled 91,742 MT, which accounted for 75.5 percent of the total. Exports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 29,826 MT. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. totaled 44,290 MT, which was 8.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 20.4 percent higher than July 2014. Year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. reached 271,439 MT, 42.4 percent above a year ago. The U.S. was Australia’s largest beef exports market with 35.3 percent of the total. Australia’s beef exports to Japan during July rose slightly over the previous month to 24,702 MT. However, this was down 6.0 percent from July 2014. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 5.2 percent higher than last year, amounting to 166,516 MT. During July, Australia exported 15,039 MT of beef to South Korea. Although this was 8.2 percent less than the previous month, it was 14.3 percent more than July 2014. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea equaled 93,825 MT, 9.2 percent greater than last year. Australia’s beef exports to China during July equaled 13,915 MT, which was up 4.7 percent over the previous month and was up 27.1 percent over a year ago. Year-to-date beef exports to China were 4.1 percent higher than last year, amounting to 82,178 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports reached 768,254 MT, 8.8 percent above the same period a year ago.

During July, Australia exported 17,191 MT of lamb, which was 12.7 percent less than June and was 16.8 percent less than July 2014. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East equaled 6,156 MT. This was 9.7 percent less than the previous month and was 1.8 percent less than July 2014. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East were 14.0 percent above last year, amounting to 40,855 MT. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 30.2 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during July fell 12.9 percent from the previous month to 2,983 MT. Also, this was 20.2 percent less than July 2014. Year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. totaled 27,345 MT, which was 5.7 percent more than last year. Lamb exports to China during July totaled 2,160 MT. This was 49.2 percent lower than the previous month and it was 37.3 percent lower than July 2014. Total year-to-date lamb exports to China equaled 18,547 MT, 19.1 percent less than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 135,185 MT, which was slightly above the corresponding period a year ago. Meanwhile, during July, Australia exported 8,576 MT of mutton, which was 4.6 percent lower than the previous month and was 13.6 percent lower than July 2014. Australia’s mutton exports to the Middle East during July equaled 2,978, which was down 17.0 percent from June and was down 7.1 percent from July 2014. Total year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East were 1.3 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 30,434 MT. The Middle East was the main mutton export market for Australia with 35.8 percent of the total. During July, Australia exported 1,159 MT of mutton to China, which was 11.5 percent lower than the previous month and was 42.0 percent lower than July 2014. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China equaled 16,622 MT, 36.8 percent less than a year ago. Mutton exports to Malaysia totaled 886 MT which was 14.6 percent lower than June but was 19.9 percent higher than July 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 8,921 MT, 3.6 percent higher than a year ago. Mutton exports to the U.S. during July totaled 525 MT. This was 193.3 percent higher than the previous month and was 36.4 percent higher than July 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to the U.S. totaled 5,690 MT, 19.5 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date mutton exports equaled 85,124 MT, which was 17.3 percent below the same period a year ago. To obtain further information on Australia’s red meat exports, go to the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

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