USDA Sheep and Goats
02 February 2015
Total Sheep and Lamb Inventory Up 1 Percent
All sheep and lamb inventory in the United States on January 1, 2015, totaled 5.28 million head, up 1 percent from 2014. Breeding sheep inventory increased to 3.94 million head on January 1, 2015, up 1 percent from 3.90 million head on January 1, 2014. Ewes one year old and older, at 3.11 million head, were 1 percent above last year. Market sheep and lambs on January 1, 2015, totaled 1.35 million head, unchanged from January 1, 2014. Market lambs comprised 94 percent of the total market inventory. Twenty-four percent were lambs under 65 pounds, 12 percent were 65 - 84 pounds, 20 percent were 85 - 105 pounds, and 38 percent were over 105 pounds. Market sheep comprised the remaining 6 percent of total market inventory.
The 2014 lamb crop of 3.44 million head, was up 2 percent from 2013. The 2014 lambing rate was 111 lambs per 100 ewes one year old and older on January 1, 2014, up 4 percent from 2013.
Shorn wool production in the United States during 2014 was 26.7 million pounds, down 1 percent from 2013. Sheep and lambs shorn totaled 3.68 million head, also down 1 percent from 2013. The average price paid for wool sold in 2014 was $1.46 per pound for a total value of 38.9 million dollars, down 1 percent from 39.2 million dollars in 2013.
Sheep death loss during 2014 totaled 220 thousand head, a decrease of 2 percent from 2013. Lamb death loss increased 1 percent from 360 thousand head in 2013 to 365 thousand head in 2014.
Total Goat and Kid Inventory Up 2 Percent
All goat inventory in the United States on January 1, 2015, totaled 2.68 million head, up 2 percent from 2014. Breeding
goat inventory totaled 2.20 million head, up 2 percent from 2014. Does one year old and older, at 1.65 million head, were
3 percent above last year’s number. Market goats and kids totaled 471 thousand head, up 2 percent from a year ago.
Kid crop for 2014 totaled 1.71 million head for all goats, up 2 percent from 2013.
Meat and all other goats totaled 2.15 million head on January 1, 2015, up 2 percent from 2014. Milk goat inventory was 365 thousand head, up 2 percent from January 1, 2014, while Angora goats were up 8 percent, totaling 160 thousand head.
Mohair production in the United States during 2014 was 880 thousand pounds. Goats and kids clipped totaled 159 thousand head. Average weight per clip was 5.5 pounds. Mohair price was $4.85 per pound with a value of 4.27 million dollars.
Sheep and Goat Revisions
All sheep and goat inventory and lamb and kid crop estimates for January 1, 2014, were reviewed using official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. A revision of 1 percent was made to sheep inventory and no revisions were made to the lamb crop. A revision of 5 percent was made to goat inventory and a revision of 3 percent was made to the kid crop. State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory estimates to the United States total.
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