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How to Achieve World Eradication of Peste Des Petits Ruminants

16 April 2015

GLOBAL – Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) must be considered a ‘high priority disease’ if the fifteen year deadline on global eradication is to be met.

This is according to recommendations for PPR control and eradication from the World Organisation for Animal Health and the World Food and Agriculture Organisation which commits to beat the disease by 2030. Read more

A total of 22 measures have been released to direct stakeholders and policy makers.

Among the list are calls for improved disease surveillance and notification, vaccine delivery and a host of recommendations for policy and research.

In its preamble to the recommendations, the OIE flagged up the disruption PPR causes to some of the world’s most fragile communities where most of the small ruminants in the world are farmed.

Trade, livelihoods and communities are all disrupted by the disease, which makes controlling it a “global public good.”

“Globalization of trade with rapid and long distance movements of animals and animal products increases the risk of major pathogens spreading from one country or region to another,” said the document.

PPR causes “significant financial damage” and disrupts local and regional trade, the recommendations added.

A list of action points were delivered for both individual countries affected by PPR and policy making bodies FAO and OIE. Countries with the disease are found in Africa, the Near and Middle East and Asia.

As well as prioritising the disease, the report also stressed the importance of timely detection and appropriate vaccination.

Vets are requested to use OIE compliant vaccines in delivery systems tailored to specific regions.

Research is also called for to make vaccines cheaper to produce.

Discussing the spread and history of PPR, the document said: “Since PPR was first identified in Côte d’Ivoire in 1942, it has spread to around 70 countries in Africa, the Near and Middle East and Asia that are home to over 80 per cent of the world’s sheep and goat and to more than 330 million of the world’s poorest people who depend on them for their livelihoods.

“Economic losses caused by PPR and its ever increasing threat of spreading to non-infected areas, further cripple already vulnerable livelihoods as well as national and regional livestock production opportunities.”

Michael Priestley

Michael Priestley
News Team - Editor

Mainly production and market stories on ruminants sector. Works closely with sustainability consultants at FAI Farms.

Top image via Shutterstock

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