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GLOBAL SHEEP MEAT MARKET

Global sheep meat production growth is slowing down, according to the latest assessment by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

Currently the global sheep population stands at more than 1 billion head with 19 per cent found in Asia and Africa.



Global Sheep Meat Markets - TheSheepSite


Food and Agriculture Organisation figures show that The EU and EFTA countries had eight per cent of the global population, while central Asia has four per cent and the Caucasus and Turkey has three per cent.

The region has more than 208 million sheep with EU and EFTA having 43 per cent and the UK showing the largest population in this area with more than 31 million.

There were 47 million sheep in Central Asia and Turkey has around 22 million, with the Caucasus and Turkey having a 15 per cent share of the region’s sheep.

The CIS countries of Russia have more than 10 per cent of the region’s sheep.

Production in Oceania – Australia and New Zealand – is expected to fall but this could be offset by growth elsewhere around the world, in particular Asia, Africa and the Americas.



World Production Forecasts By Region - TheSheepSite


Output for 2014 is expected to rise by 0.5 per cent, to 14 million tonnes.

Developing countries account for three-quarters of world’s output, with the largest producers being China, India, Sudan, Nigeria and Pakistan.

Improved pasture conditions have allowed flocks to rebuild in many of the major producing areas of Asia and Africa.

In developed countries, drought-imposed herd reduction in Australia and New Zealand is forecast to lead to a sharp fall in production in 2014.

In the EU, the second largest producer, the long-term decline in output may be showing signs of slowing.

FAO forecasts global trade to fall, following a surge in 2013.

World sheep meat trade is comparatively small, with less than seven per cent of global production exported.

Australia and New Zealand account for almost 85 per cent of exports, but trade will fall as a result of restocking in New Zealand, following exceptionally high, drought-induced slaughter in 2013, and protracted dry-to-drought conditions in 2013/2014 in Australia.


Global Sheep Top Tens

Sheep population

Exporters

Importers

Consumption per head

China

N Zealand

France

Mongolia

Australia

Australia

UK

Iceland

India

UK

China

N. Zealand

Iran

India

US

Turkmenistan

Sudan

Ireland

S Arabia

Kuwait

Nigeria

Uruguay

Belgium

Australia

N. Zealand

Belgium

Germany

Greece

UK

Spain

UAE

Samoa

Pakistan

Netherlands

Italy

Mauritania

S Africa

Germany

Papua New Guinea

Barbados

Source: FAO


Overall, trade may drop by 3.7 per cent to 951,000 tonnes in 2014.

The three largest destinations for sheep meat worldwide, China, EU and US account for about 60 per cent of global exports. With such a concentrated global trade, Australia and New Zealand have a major influence on the market.

In dealing with reduced availabilities, it is possible that exporters in Australia and New Zealand will maintain provision to the highest value markets, such as the EU and the United States, while seeking, to the extent possible, to meet the requirements of growing markets, albeit lower priced ones, including China, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Malaysia.

Chinese imports of sheep meat are around 309,000 tonnes with 25 per cent coming from Australia and 35 per cent from New Zealand.

Among the small-scale exporters, India is expected to see sales grow this year, mainly to the Middle East, especially the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia; and Uruguay could also boost its exports, focussing on China and Brazil.

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